Gharsana Ayurvedic Massage

Massage is one of the important part of Ayurveda and is the basic way of Indian life. Each Indian child, right from the day he/she is born, gets everyday massage. Whether it is the occasion of marriage or issue of gaining post natal strength for a new mother- massage is the ultimate thing to do. Apart from the everyday massage, Ayurveda also recommends many special types of massages such as Abhyanga, Garshana, Shirodhara etc.

Basic Principle Behind Ayurvedic Massage
The Ayurvedic massage techniques rest on certain basic theories of Ayurveda. One of such theories is that of Panchkarma- the five types of therapeutic measures. Ayurveda believes that any problem occuring to human body is the result of imbalance among the three toxins or “doshas”- Vaata, Pitta and Kapha. Panchakarma consists of five basic types of advanced treatment for balancing the vitiated Dosha from the body. Snehana or Massage is one of the subsidiary of Panchakarma. It includes other Ayurvedic therapies such as Swedana or fomentation/sweating, Basti or medicated enemas, Virechana or purging through herbs, Vamana or vomiting with the help of herbs, Nasya or nasal administration of oils etc. 

Gharsana Ayurvedic Massage
Gharshana literally means “rubbing”. The Gharsana massage, basically is, a dry lymphatic skin brushing having an exfoliating effect on skin. It is a great therapy for skin care. It is done without oil. If gharshana is done on a regular basis, it helps in breaking down fat deposits by enhancing blood and lymphatic circulation. It cleans and exfoliates the skin, making it more receptive to herbs and therapeutic oils. It is followed by bathing or oil massage. Gharshana is done after wearing gloves made up of wool,raw silk, or terry cloth. During gharshana, light vigorous upward strokes are given. It can be done everyday.

When body is rubbed during Gharshana, heat is generated which improves circulation thereby eliminating wastes from body. The gentle strokes in upward direction activate the lymphatic flow. Gharshana produces exfoiliating effect due to the usage of wool or raw silk. Both of them are fairly abrasive but soothing to the skin. Exfoliated skin functions better in eliminating wastes. Raw silk is beneficial for Vata and Pitta body types whereas wool is good for kapha type of body. Terry cloth can be used for Vata and Pitta body types.

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