Ayurvedic Home Remedies for Kidney Stones | Mutrashmari

A kidney stone refers to a chemical reaction wherein the urine loses its usual liquid form and gets concentrated to form a stone like structure.
These stones are generally developed within the kidney or the urinary tract. It is such a common problem that one person in every set of 20 people has had the kidney stone problem once in his lifespan. The scientific term for kidney stone is renal calculi, and the occurrence of it is termed as nephrolithiasis while the stones occuring in the urinary tract are referred as urolithiasis.

In Ayurvedic literature
it is referred as Mutrashmari. Mutra means urine, Ashmari means stone.

Ayurvedic classical literature have emphasized two important factors as the reasons for urinary calculi.



Improper body detoxification(asmashodhana): If the person indulges in unwholesome food and habits for long and suppresses the natural urges like urination, bowel habits etc naturally the toxins are retained in the body. Ultimately they are sediment and precipitate in the bladder which is the organ related to the expulsion of kleda (moisture) from the body.

Improper food habits (apathya sevana): Untimely eating, over eating, indigestion, unwholesome food and beverages, sedentary lifestyle, less intake of water etc cause improper evacuation of the metabolic wastes. Thus they are deposited in the path way of excretory systems leading to kidney stones.

Other than this,
  • heavy exercise(ati vyayama) leading to dryness of the body,
  • spicy food(vidahi ahara),
  • strong medicines (teekshnoushadha),
  • dry food (rooksha ahara),
  • excess walking (ati adhwa),
  • riding the vehicles/horses(ashwa yana),
  • non vegetarian diet (mamsala ahara),
  • loss of sleep (nidra alpata),
  • salty food (lavana ahara) etc also stand as the supporting factors for Urinary calculi.

Specific classical features of urinary calculi:
  • Severe pain in the umbelicus-median raphae, urinary bladder and inguinal region (nabhi-seevani-basti-kukshi shoola),
  • Obstruction to the flow of urine (visheerna dhara),
  • Pain during micturition (mootra pravritte sati shoola),
  • Quite pleasure and comfort on passing the stone/gravels in urine,
  • Bleeding during urination (rakta mutrata), due to the abrasion caused by the urinary calculi
  • Distention of bladder,pain in pubic area,bad odor of the urine,dysuria(difficulty in urination),fever and tastelessness are the other features appear in few of the cases.
Complications of Urinary calculi:
Debility, fatigue, emaciation, abdominal pain, tastelessness, anemia, burning sensation during urination, thirst, chest pain and vomiting are the complications of urinary calculi.

Ayurvedic treatment of Urinary calculi:
  • Mild oleation(snehana),
  • Medicines which are penetrative (teekshna ushna) and break the stones (ashmari bhedana),
  • diuretics(mutrala dravyas) – to flush out the small sized kidney stones,
  • sufficient water intake, watery food intake,
  • coolants  (sheetala upachara) and remedies to balance Vata (vatahara upachara) are helpful to relieve Ashmari (Urinary calculi).
  • According to the Dosha imbalance each variety of calculi is treated easily and successfully.
Ayurveda drugs useful in Urinary calculi:
Pashanabheda - Bergenia ligulata(Wall.) Engl.
Shunti – Ginger - Zingiber officinaleRose.
Varuna - Crataeva nurvala Buch-Hem.
Shigru – Moringa – Drumstick tree - Moringa oleifera Lam.
Gokshura – Tribulus - Tibulus terrestris Linn.
Punarnava - Boerhavia diffusa Linn.
Kooshmanda – Winter Melon - Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.
Shatavari - Asparagus racemosus Willd.
Kadali – Stem of banana - Musa paradisiacal Linn.
Kutaja - Holarrhena antidysenterica (Linn.) Wall. Ex. G. Don.
Sukshma Ela – Cardamom - Eletharia cardamomum Matom.
Trapusha - Cucumis sativus Linn.
Kulattha – Horse gram - Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lamk.) Verdc.
Shilajit - Asphaltum punjabinumShaka - Tectona grandis Linn. F.
Ervaru - Cucumis melo
Karpasa – Cotton tree - Gossypium herbaceum Linn.
Tinduka - Diospyrus peregrine (Gaertn.) Gurke.

Ayurvedic Formulations useful in Urinary calculi:
  1. Pashanabhedi kashaya
  2. Varanadi kashayam
  3. Veerataradi kashaya
  4. Chandraprabha vati
  5. Punarnavashtaka kashaya
  6. Punarnavadi kashaya
  7. Punarnavadi guggulu
  8. Gokshuradi guggulu
  9. Elakanadi kwatha
  10. Trivikrama rasa
  11. Shilajatu vati
  12. Jawaharmohra pishti
  13. Godanti(karpoora shilajatu) bhasma
For any Ayurvedic drugs and formulation, consult an Ayurvedic doctor.

As per the Ayurveda system of medicine and lifestyle explains several ways to prevent the occurring of urinary calculi. Ashmari (Urinary calculi) is a dreadful disease and its pain is intolerable and often it is irritant and disturbs normal day-to-day activities. After manifestation of urinary calculi, the victim should be very careful about his/her food and habits.

The altered food habits, busy life schedules and less intake of water or consumption of salty and packed foods are the true reasons for the kidney stones as well as worsening of the disease.

The sedentary lifestyle and intake of chilled water is the another major reason for this complaint. Even though role of chilled water in the causation of calculi is evident, much scientific explanations are not available in this regard. But Ayurvedic classics have emphasized that warm water acts as Basti shodhaka (clear the bladder) and hence it is worth to take luke warm water in case of Urinary calculi.

Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies as per Ayurveda
  1. Water or fluids are supposedly the best medicine for stone. Thus, a person with kidney stones must have at least three liters of water everyday. As per ayurveda, hot water relieves Vata and soothens the inner mucous membrane. 
  2. Regular intake of coconut water and barley water can help in relieving the burning urination sensations which is a common issue with people carrying kidney stones.
  3. Onion concoction made by adding water to the onion bulbs with sugar can be of great help in kidney stones.
  4. Intake of Mudga yusha (green gram soup), Sita (sugar candy), Takra (buttermilk), Kushmanda (ash gourd), Amalaki (goose berry) etc. can be useful.
  5. Recommended Food DietThe following are the list of some kidney friendly diet, to be included in your healthy kidney diet.

    • Red bell peppers: They are high in flavor and low in potassium. They are rich in Vitamins C, A and B6 and fibers and folic acid. They contain Lycopene, an antioxidant, preventing cancers. For the kidney diet they can eaten raw, as a dip of appetizer or snack and can be fixed well with tuna or chicken salad and used with breads and crackers. They can used in the roasted forms and used as toppings on the lettuce salads and sandwiches, chopped for omelets, adding to kebabs and grills and stuffed with beef or turkey. 
    • Egg whites: The highest quality of proteins is the egg whites, with all the essential amino acids. They contain lesser phosphorous than the yolk or the meats and are better kidney diets.
    • Olive Oil: It contains oleic acid, an anti-inflammatory fatty acid. The monounsaturated fat in the olive oil protects against oxidation of fatty acids. It is also rich in anti-oxidant compounds and polyphenols, preventing oxidation and inflammation. Virgin or extra virgin olive oil has higher anti-oxidants. Patients using olive oil instead of other cooking media have lower risks of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. They can be used in marinating of vegetables and salad dressings. 
    • Cauliflower: They are good source of folates and Vitamin C and fibers. It has thiocynates, indoles and glucosinolates. These compounds can help in neutralization by the liver of such toxic substances, which may damage DNA and cell membrane. They can be served as raw and also chopped and added with turmeric, salt and herbal spices to prepare a side dish. It can be topped with white sauce and baked or added to pasta. It can be mashed and used by dialysis patients in place of mashed potatoes. 
    • Garlics: Garlic prevents plague formation on the teeth. It also helps to lower inflammation and cholesterol levels. It can be bought fresh, minced or powdered and added to meat, vegetable and pasta dishes. It has a significant flavor and can be used as replacement of garlic salt in the dialysis diet.
    • Cabbage: They are rich in phytochemicals, which can break the free radicals, before they can damage. Many of the phytochemicals can lead to foster cardiovascular diseases and protecting and fighting against cancer. Sulphoraphane is one such phytochemical, which may stop and prevent cancer cell growth in lung, colon, prostate, ovarian, breast and bladder cancer. It is high in folic acid, Vitamin K, Vitamin C and Vitamin B6. It is a great addition as a topping on fish tacos as a dialysis diet. It can be boiled, steamed or microwaved with the additions of cream cheese, butter and pepper and served as a side dish. Cabbage rolls with turkey and cabbage with stuffed with meat and baked are some more dishes. 
    • Onions: The pungent smell in onions is due to the sulphur compounds. They are also rich in flavaniods, like quercetin, which can reduce the free radicals improving heart diseases and preventing against cancer. They are a good source of chromium, which helps in protein, carbohydrate and protein metabolism. It can be used for people on kidney diet for addition of flavours, with varieties like brown, red and white onions. They can be added in raw forms on salads, burgers and sandwiches. 
    • Fish: Fish contains Omega-3 fatty acids and high quality proteins. The healthy fats help to protect from heart diseases and cancer. Omega-3 increases the high density lipoproteins (HDL), the good cholesterol. Tuna, mackerel, salmon, herring and trout are some of the fishes rich in Omega-3. 
    • Cranberries: It does not allow bacteria to stick to the wall of the bladder and thus prevents from bladder infection. It also protects against the ulcer causing bacteria. They are used as salads, juice and sauce. 
    • Cherries: They are rich in anti-oxidants and phytochemicals, protecting against the heart. They can also reduce the inflammation. They can be eaten as snacks, juice, cheese cake, coffee cake and many others. Cherry sauce can be added to pork or beef.
    • Some more food which can be added, are blueberries and blackberries or raspberries, red leaf lettuce, apples and strawberries.
  6. Avoid unwholesome diet and habits:
      • Heavy exercise (Ati vyayama), increases Vata and dryness of the body
      • Suppression of the natural urges (Vegadharana) – leads to urine retention in urinary bladder for a long period of time, leading to sedimentation.
      • Dry food (Shushkahara-Rukshahara)
      • Grain flour (Pishtaanna)
      • Exposure to breeze (Pravata sevana)
      • Working in sunshine (Arkatapa)
      • Excess of sexual indulgence (Ati vyavaya)
      • Kapittha( Limonia elephantianum (Correa) Panigrahi.)
      • Jamboo – Jamun seeds - (Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels.)
      • Bisa (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.)
      • Excess of astringent food (Kashaya rasa sevana) etc
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